BARTON Mines was established in 1878 by Henry Hudson Barton, the founder and first president. The original mine was located near the summit of Gore Mountain in the Adirondack Park of northern New York state. Mining operations were initially limited to the warmer months; however, ore was transported year-round, with much of the hauling done by sleigh during the snowy Adirondack winters. In the early years, the raw garnet was transported by train from North Creek, New York, to Philadelphia for crushing and processing.
In the early 20th century, BARTON garnet was used primarily as sandpaper abrasive for woodworking. More than 140 years later, BARTON still provides high-quality Adirondack garnet to select sandpaper manufacturers for the discerning woodworking craftsman.
BARTON made major investments in the mining operations in the early 20th century and began year-round operations in the late 1920s. While the business was still dominated by the supply of sandpaper products during this time, BARTON established relationships with glass manufacturers such as Corning, which launched a new market for the company — the grinding of glass with very fine garnet powders.
The glass grinding business grew during World War I and World War II as demand for eyeglass lenses, gun sights and other optics increased.
BARTON experienced a boom in sales following World War I with the strong demand for new housing that required ground glass for picture windows. To address the demand, the company supplied large volumes of special garnet powders to PPG Industries, Libbey-Owens-Ford, and Owens-Corning. This market for ground window glass ended abruptly when float glass technology took hold in the late 1960s.
Fortunately, color television was introduced at roughly the same time, and BARTON’s connections allowed it to work with large glass producers to perfect the grinding and production of special glass screens and funnels for cathode ray tube televisions. Demand for television glass peaked in 1992 but remained strong through 2001 and finally ended in 2005.
BARTON operated the Gore Mountain mine for 104 years. In 1982, the operations were moved to neighboring Ruby Mountain where the company still operates today. That same year saw peak demand for the use of garnet abrasive for sandpaper. But then during the 1980s, demand for garnet abrasive sandpaper began a slow, steady decline as new manufacturing technologies and synthetic abrasives began to dominate the market.
Once again, BARTON had to redirect its product offering to respond to a changing marketplace. Opportunely, a new U.S.-based cutting technology emerged in the mid-1980s — abrasive waterjet cutting. In response, BARTON developed cooperative relationships with the manufacturers of waterjet cutting equipment and collaborated on the specifications and production of garnet abrasive products tailored to the industry.
The abrasive waterjet industry has continued to grow over the last 30 years and is both a domestic and international market opportunity for BARTON.
A second division of the business also began in the 1980s — blast media for surface preparation. Recognizing the potential for a high-performance, safe blasting abrasive, BARTON invested in a new garnet mining operation in Western Australia in 1988. BARTON sold its interest in this operation in 2005 and is now importing its alluvial garnet from India and other international supply sources. The blast media division has realized significant growth with the increasing sophistication of the surface preparation industry.
The company’s most recent addition to the business is a line of parts and accessories for waterjet cutting equipment. BARTON distributes a wide range of parts for virtually every type of waterjet machine, as well as its own brand of select specialty products to the abrasive waterjet market.
BARTON has been a family-owned company for seven generations, and today is recognized as a world leader in the production of the highest-quality garnet and mineral abrasives the industry has to offer.
View of mining pit with two teams of horses and employees working, circa 1880.
Group portrait of miners at BARTON Mines, circa 1890
Historic garnet mill at the Gore Mountain operations, circa 1920’s.
Inside the concentration mill built in the 1920s.
Separating and sizing the garnet, circa 1920's.
Employee seated next to the conveyors, circa 1925.
Garnet screening machine, circa 1920’s.
Narrow rail lines were laid in the pits to expedite the transportation of unfinished ore to the concentration and crushing mills, circa 1925.
Steam shovel and miners in the pit, circa 1925.
The concentration mill, circa 1932.
Men working a steam shovel in the pit, 1934.
Loading rock in the pit, 1955.
Filling paper sacks with garnet flours to be used for glass grinding, 1955.
Working in the packing room, 1955.
Filling sacks of garnet, circa 1955.
The BARTON Mines Corporation trademark insignia, 1957.
The flotation cell machine, circa 1965.
Garnet ore at BARTON’s mine on Ruby Mountain.
A close up view of the garnet ore.
Loading rock in the pit to be transported to the crusher.
A ship docked in Chesapeake VA for the unloading of imported garnet.
Bags of garnet being lifted out of the ship’s cargo hold.
LEED Platinum Corporate Headquarters, Glens Falls, NY, 2007.
Blasting with garnet abrasives.
A sampling of parts cut with an abrasive waterjet using BARTON garnet.
BARTON's TRIDENT-2 Diamond Cutting Head is widely used in waterjet cutting, 2014.